Because the flats are small, the fish can often be seen from the boat and then stalked on foot (be sure to bring hard-soled flats booties). This has two major advantages; first, you can tailor an approach that avoids casting into the ever-present wind, and second, you can get closer to the fish without spooking them. In these conditions accuracy is much more important than distance (although a long caster will definitely get more shots over the course of a week's fishing). On the sandy flats of the Yucatan, the usual technique is to lead the fish and let the fly sit motionless on the bottom for the fish to find. That doesn't work on the rough coral bottoms of Belize, where the fly usually ends up hidden by a sponge or fan coral. The most successful method is to delicately drop the fly in front of the fish's nose and hope that he notices it diving for the bottom. Crab patterns that dive in a realistic fashion, like the Bauer Crab or Merkin, are particularly productive in this type of fishing. Mantis shrimp patterns, fished with short strips, have also proven effective.